What to expect on the LTO Theoretical Driving Course exam

As a law-abiding citizen of our country, you have probably found that there’s no need to think about your driving license for the first 17 years of your life. But sooner or later, you grow up and realize that to have to start being responsible – yes, this includes learning how to drive and making sure you are licensed to.

A driver’s license is an official document required as legal authorization for individuals who wish to drive cars, trucks, or any motorized vehicles. If you want to be driving around the country, only the Land Transportation Office (LTO) in the Philippines can issue a Driver’s License for you. It serves as proof that you’ve undergone proper training, you know how to drive a vehicle, and you have successfully completed all the necessary requirements and passed both practical and written exams.

If you have a student driver’s license and is ready to get a non-professional or a professional license, you must not have unsettled traffic violation and has completed one month after acquiring your Students Driver’s License. It is vital to pass the LTO’s exam first. It is a two-part exam that includes the Automated Theoretical Examination and Practical Driving Test. You have to attend and pass the Practical Driving Course (PDC) from any LTO accredited licensed driver, LTO Driver’s Education Center (DEC), or LTO accredited Driving School / LTO accredited TESDA Training Center.

Written Test

Given that you’re already confident about your driving. The next thing to prepare for is the Automated Theoretical Examination.

You may choose to take the test in English or Filipino, pick one that you are comfortable with and can easily comprehend.  

It will be a 40-item test for non-professional exams and 60 items if you will take the professional exams. Both exams are in multiple-choice format. You have to get Thirty (30) out of Forty (40) items correct for the non-professional driver exam, or Forty-five (45) out of Sixty (60) items for the professional exam.

The test will not be timed, but remember not to rush. Come to the testing center well-prepared, and focus on your goal which is to get as many correct answers as possible. To be able to give correct and appropriate responses, read and understand each situation carefully.

On the written exam, several items will be covered. A lot of questions will be about different road scenarios and situations. Topic and questions are strategically broken down into sections, in random order. Hence, no written exam is exactly the same for different applicants.

To help you prepare for the written exam, here are some pointers and sample questions (In English and Filipino) to give you a feel on what you are going to answer on an actual exam:

  1. Legalities

Procurement and Issuance of Driver’s licenses are bound by laws in the Philippines. This is to assure the public that drivers who violate will be held accountable for their undertakings if and when necessary.

  1.  Land Transportation and Traffic Code (R.A. 4136)

Various questions will be asked related to the provision of the Republic Act 4136, or the Land Transportation and Traffic Code. The act is a compilation of all the laws in relation to land transportation and traffic rule and regulations. This includes the creation of the Land Transportation Commission, the registration and operation of motor vehicles, and the licensing of owners, dealers, conductors, drivers, and similar matters.

  • Batas Pambansa Bilang 398.

Batas Pambansa Blg. 398 is an Act amending certain sections of Republic Act 436, approved on May 18, 1983. The act amended sections regarding the application, issuance, renewal, replacement, and confiscation of driver’s licenses.

Sample Question:

  1. According to the law, you are not allowed to drive fast, except when:

a. There is no danger in the road

b. Speed is in accordance with the given speed limit

c. All answers are correct

  • Sa mga rotonda, alin ang may karapatan sa daan?

a.  Ang sasakyang papasok pa lamang sa rotonda.

b. Ang sasakyang nasa paligid ng rotonda.

c. Ang sasakyang nakaharap sa berdeng ilaw.

2. Road Safety

Basic road courtesy, stress management and how you handle road rage, how to deal with road crash, and how you act on road emergencies, are all included on the duties and responsibilities that you have as a mindful driver.

As a driver, you should know what to do during driving emergencies such as mechanical failures and accidents. Familiarize yourself with the know-hows of handling your vehicle and the optimal way of driving. You are bounded by duties towards yourself and other drivers on the road.

Sample Questions:

  1. While changing lanes, you should give signal, check your rear view mirror and:

a.  Watch out for oncoming vehicles

b. Sound your horn

c. Turn on the vehicle’s headlight

  • Kailangan magbigay ng senyas kung kakanan o kakaliwa sa darating na interseksyon sa layong:
    • 15 M (Meters)
    • 60 M (Meters)
    • 30 M (Meters)

3. Road and Traffic Rules

Your knowledge on road signs, signals and markings, expressway, and rules on the road are essential and will be tested on the exams. Be familiar with the variety of road signs as they are shaped, colored, and located respectively for a good reason which is to keep our roads as safe as can be.

On the road, drivers are ideally positioned on the left and the right side, depending on which direction one is going. Signs are strategically located every now and then on the road to serve as reminders along the way.

Sample Question:

  1. Not following road and traffic rules:
  2. Saves fuel
  3. May engage you in an accident
  4. Proves that you are a good driver
  5.   Alin sa mga sumusunod ang nakalarawan:
  6. Madulas ang kalsada
  7. Baku-bakung kalsada.
  8. Matarik ang kalsada

4. Special Laws

Some laws are specifically drafted depending on the vehicle you wish to drive; there are special laws for light vehicles, motorcycles, and tricycles. These are made to accommodate the differences in structure and capacity of each vehicle.  

Sample Questions:

  1. Having a license means you can drive:
  2. All types of vehicle
  3. Vehicles allowed indicated in your license
  4. Public utility vehicle only

2. Ang isang may lisensya ay maaaring magmaneho nang:

  1. Kahit anong uri ng sasakyan.
  2. Ang sasakyang nakasaad sa lisensya
  3. Pampasaherong sasakyan lamang.

5. Other Regulations

There are violations and penalties that must be imposed if you commit a driving offense. It is important for a driver to be familiar with these things to promote order on the road, safety, and to know how to avoid offences.

Sample questions:

  1. If you drive after drinking, be aware that alcohol affects:
  2. Your coordination
  3. Your vision
  4. Your judgment
  5. All of these
  • Ang paggamit ng huwad na lisensya ay ipinagbabawal at may parusang:
  • Php 500.00 at anim na buwan na hindi makakakuha ng lisensya.
  • PHP 100
  • Pagkakabilanggo ng hindi hihigit sa anim na buwan

6. General Information 

These are the basic driving knowledge every motorist should know, including registration, enforcement, active transport, permits, and licenses, gender and development.

Sample questions:

  1. The safest response even if you have rights on the road is:

a. Force your rights

b. Sound your horn

c. Don’t force your rights

2. Maaari kang lumusot (mag-overtake) sa kanang bahagi ng sasakyan kung:

  1. Ang highway ay may dalawa o higit pang linya patungo sa isang direksyon
  2. Ang kalsada ay salubungang-daan (two-way)
  3. Malapad ang bangketa

Once done, the results of the actual LTO written exams are usually handed over an hour after you and your batch finishes. You will be required to go back within the day, or to come back on the next business date. You will then be asked to transfer to the actual driving course within the day for the hands-on driving exam or be given a schedule.

Tips on Taking the Exams:

  1. Review

There are different reviewers available online for aspiring drivers that you can utilize.

One of the many available online is the reviewer from www.ltoexamreviewer.com. For those who wish to be a licensed driver, they have the most comprehensive and concise LTO exam reviewer. Composed of two types of exam, Tagalog and English, you can choose the language you are most comfortable with. The reviewers in each language are divided into six parts, which you can study one part at a time, or study altogether. Their site is easily navigated, allowing you to read on your smartphone, tablet, or on a personal computer.

  • Practice Exam

If you want to give the written exam a try, you can visit the LTOExam website. On the uppermost part, you will find the LTO Written Exam on the second tab. Click on the tab, scroll down a little and you will see a Driver’s License Practice Examination. When ready, click on the START button. In this practice exam, you will have to answer 101 questions, which according to the website are the exact questions you’ll get on the Official LTO Written Test.

Note that these are just for practice purposes only. You will immediately know if you pass or fail the test right after. On your actual exams, you will only be met with 40 (non-pro) or 60 (pro) questions, which you probably have answered already among the 101 questions on the sample practice test.

  • Enroll in a driving school

It is very helpful to be part of intensive training first before you apply for a driver’s license through organized driving lessons. Legit and accredited driving schools would brief you with all the necessary things you must know in driving, both theoretical and practical. There, you will be schooled strategically to be able to take the exams, both written and actual, with ease. Driving schools won’t allow you to finish your course, not unless they are sure that you are equipped and ready to face the road.

To make sure that you are enrolled in a legitimate driving school, check it with the LTO through their offices or their website.

DriveSafe.Ph offers a Theoretical Driving Course that you can access online. Both the Filipino and English languages are used in their courses to make it easier to comprehend, regardless of the applicants’ age and profession. The course is made available for offline viewing too for you to study at your own pace.

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